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1 edition of Comparison of ecological impacts of postulated oil spills at selected Alaskan locations found in the catalog.

Comparison of ecological impacts of postulated oil spills at selected Alaskan locations

Comparison of ecological impacts of postulated oil spills at selected Alaskan locations

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Published by Dept. of Transportation, Coast Guard, Office of Research and Development, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Washington, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

  • Oil spills -- Environmental aspects -- Alaska.

  • Edition Notes

    Perpared by Mathematical Sciences Northwest, Inc., under contract DOT-D-155-75.

    StatementJ. S. Isakson ...[et al.].
    SeriesReport - U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Research and Development ; no. CG-D-155-75, Report (United States. Coast Guard. Office of Research and Development) -- no. CG-D-155-75.
    ContributionsIsakson, J. S., United States. Coast Guard. Office of Research and Development.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination2 v. :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15221266M

      Oil Spills in Coral Reefs is the first in a series of publications prepared by NOAA's Office of Response and Restoration to provide response-related information on specific warm-water resources. (Other publications in the series include Oil and Sea Turtles and Oil Spills in Mangroves.). What Will Oil Do To The Environment? When we spill even the slightest bit of oil we are harming our environment. Oil spills are the biggest cause of pollution, which lead to other problems. Pollution is not the only thing oil spills affect. Oil also weakens soil, it reduces the. economic interest, and with them there is a risk of oil spills and their potential environmental impacts. To examine the potential spatial distribution of this threat, we created seasonal maps of the probability of oil spill pollution reaching an area in the Israeli coastal and exclusive economic zones, given knowledge of its initial sources. How Oil Effects Mangrove Environments: Oil impacts to the mangrove community can vary depending on the type of oil, the amount of oil, and the duration of weathering. Light, refined oils such as gasoline, jet fuel, and No. 2 fuel oil contain relatively high amounts of .

    For more than 40 years, marine oil spills have been recognized as a prime source for major environmental impacts that cause significant and long-term ecological damages (U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division (NOAA-ERD), , Stout and Wang Cited by: 6.

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Comparison of ecological impacts of postulated oil spills at selected Alaskan locations Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Comparison of ecological impacts of postulated oil spills at selected Alaskan locations. [J S Isakson; United States. Coast Guard.

Office of Research and Development,; United States. National Technical Information Service,; Mathematical Sciences Northwest, inc.;]. United States Coast Guard Office of Research and Development.

Overview. (Book) 4 editions published Comparison of ecological impacts of postulated oil spills at selected Alaskan locations. We reviewed seven particularly well known and/or studied oil spills that have occurred since the National Academy of Sciences report, “Petroleum in the Marine Environment” or that occurred prior to that report but about which significant new information has since been acquired.

The spills studied were from the bargeFlorida, and tankersArrow, Argo Merchant, Amoco Cadiz, andTsesis Cited by: The worst oil spill in American waters spread an ominous dark stain across the ice floes and fragile Alaskan ecology of Prince William Sound yesterday, after a giant oil tanker ran aground near.

Provides a scientific basis for the cleanup and for the assessment of oil spills Enables Non-scientific officers to understand the science they use on a daily basis Multi-disciplinary approach covering fields as diverse as biology, microbiology, chemistry, physics, oceanography and toxicology Covers the science of oil spills from risk analysis to cleanup and through the effects on the Author: Merv Fingas.

The long-term ecological impacts of the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS) are compared to two extensively studied and more recent large spills: Deepwater Horizon (DWH) and the Hebei Spirit oil spill. A Preliminary Assessment of the Environmental Impacts from Oil Shale Developments Interagency energy-environment research and development program: Publisher: Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency, Original from: the University of California: Digitized: Jan $ Isakson, J S et al. COMPARISON OF ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS OF POSTULATED OIL SPILLS AT SELECTED ALASKAN LOCATIONS - VOLUMES I - iNTRODUCTION, SUMMARY, METHODOLOGY, EVALUATION AND APPENDICES; VOLUME II - RESULTS (complete in two volumes) "FINAL REPORT" Washington June first edition.

Department of Transportation US. Long-term impacts of spills have been previously established for salt marsh invertebrates, e.g., after the Florida spill of No.

2 fuel oil (Sanders et al., ; Krebs and Burns, ; Teal et al., ), and for mangroves after the Galeta spill in Panama (Levings et al., ), among others. In each case, oil was retained in the sediments.

Please cite as: Mosbech A. (): Predicting Impacts of Oil Spills – Can Ecological Science Cope. A case study concerning birds in Environmental Impact Assessments. National Environmental Research Institute, Denmark. Reproduction is permitted, provided the source is explicitly acknowledged. The Ecology of Oil Environment, Labor, and the Mexican Revolution, – Get access.

Buy the print book Check if you have access via personal or institutional login. Log in Register Recommend to librarian Cited by 19;Cited by: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Fate and Effects in Alaskan Waters (Astm Special Technical Publication) [Wells, Peter G., Butler, James Newton, Hughes, Jane Staveley, Wells, P.

G.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Fate and Effects in Price: $ Cumulative Environmental Effects of Oil and Gas Activities on Alaska’s North Slope. despite widespread concern regarding the damaging effects of frequent oil and saltwater spills on the tundra, most spills to date have been small and have had only local File Size: KB.

REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF THE TRANSPORTATION OF ALASKAN NORTH SLOPE CRUDE OIL Contract: Project Officer: Richard Ball Office of Energy, Minerals and Industry Washington, D.C.

Office of Energy, Minerals and Industry Office of Development U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, D.C. 1. Introduction – Oil spills are the harmful release of oil into the environment, usually in the water, sometimes killing area flora and fauna.

Oil is the most common pollutant in the oceans. More than 3 million metric tons of oil contaminates the sea every year. The majority of oil pollution in the oceans comes from land.

A Selected Bibliography on the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill March The following bibliography is the result of a broad-based literature search of dissertations, journal articles, conference papers, and other sources. These references focus on the economic, sociological, psychological, and other human impacts of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, and.

In open water or broken ice, the same study says that between 44% and 62% of crude oil resulting from a spill would stay put – neither dispersing nor evaporating – after 30 days.

The devastating environmental impacts of the Exxon Valdez spill in and its media notoriety made it a frequent comparison to the BP Deepwater Horizon spill in the popular press ineven though the nature of the two spills and the environments impacted were vastly different.

Fortunately, unlike higher organisms that are adversely impacted by oil spills, microorganisms are able to Cited by:   International experts in the field of oil spill response, including reprsentatives from 26 NATO countries, participated in a workshop in Canada to discuss their experience in the development and application of current and emerging technologies for oil spill response in the marine : Paperback.

the likelihood of spills from freighters. Overall, oil movement to and from the United States has increased by over 42% since Spills from tankers and barges comprise only 13% of the total annual spill number, but, since the largest vessel spills tend to be from.

Illustration of the potential impacts of an oil spill on sargassum and associated marine life in the water column. (NOAA) Click to enlarge. While sea turtles, for example, as cold-blooded reptiles, may enjoy the relatively warmer waters of sargassum islands, a hot sun beating down on an oiled ocean surface can raise water temperatures to.

Summary Of The Workshop On Ecological Effects of Hydrocarbon Spills In Alaska J. COSTERTON, G. BRUNSKILL, T. HUTCHINSON and P. WIDDEN In any study of the effects of the introduction of an organic compound, such as oil, into a particular environment, such as the Arctic we should, at theCited by: 1.

PDF | On Jan 1,Allan K. Fukuyama and others published Oil spill impacts and the biological basis for response guidance: an applied synthesis of research on three subarctic intertidal. The 20th anniversary of the filing of the Trans‐Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) affords an opportunity to assess retrospectively the environmental impacts of the resultant North Slope oil fields, now the largest single source of U.S.

domestic oil by: The Secretary shall work closely with the State of Alaska and Native Village and Regional Corporations in evaluating the impact of oil and gas exploration, development, production, and transportation and other human activities on the wildlife resources of these lands, including impacts on the Arctic and Porcupine caribou herds, polar bear, muskox, grizzly bear, wolf, wolverine, seabirds, shore.

In tanker spills, oil starts on the surface, and the waves and winds then mix it into the water. “But here, as it hits the surface, we may already have an emulsion,” Overton says. In an emulsion, the oil has less exposed surface area than it would in a slick, so sprayed dispersants are less effective and microbes have less access to the oil.

Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. The key environmental issues in the Niger Delta of Nigeria relate to its petroleum and industry.

The delta cov km² within wetlands of 70, km² formed primarily by sediment deposition. Home to 20 million people and 40 different ethnic groups, this floodplain makes up % of Nigeria's total land mass.

It is the largest wetland and maintains the third-largest drainage basin in Africa. The effects of oil spills at sea depend on numerous factors, such as the physicochemical parameters of the oil, the characteristics of the environment affected, and the physical, chemical, and biological processes occurring there, such as evaporation, dissolution, dispersion, emulsification, photo-oxidation, biodegradation, and by:   Oil Spills, Ecology, and the Food Chain from nature in an attempt to manage it and use its resources without a thought for how this impacts the entire system.

The oil spill is a 12, mile. The spills studied were from the barge Florida, and tankers Arrow, Argo Merchant, Amoco Cadiz, and Tsesis and blowouts from the Bravo and Ixtoc I platforms.

These “best” studies yield only limited insight into effects because they lack controls and have a high degree of natural variability. -even a valuable species can lose out when the cost of preserving it exceed the economic benefits of preserving it -as a result, many conservationists are uncomfortable using utilitarian value alone to justify preserving the species, whereas others believe that only species with utilitarian values can be preserved in the face of development.

Although the total number of oil spills resulting from tanker accidents has been declining globally in recent decades (Musk ), accidents like Exxon Valdez inErika inand Prestige in have had major negative impacts on the environment (Peterson et al. Cited by: 9. Practical work could include an ecological investigation into the distribution of algae on a rocky shore and plankton sampling.

If a plankton net is available, it is possible to make a quantitative estimation of plankton numbers. A net can be towed behind a boat, or lowered into File Size: 1MB. The Physical, Chemical And Biological Effects Of Crude Oil Spills On Black Spruce Forest, Interior Alaska T.

JENKINS, L. JOHNSON, C. COLLINS and T. McFADDEN INTRODUCTION In the late 's, it became apparent that the large petroleum resources of the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic would soon be developed.

10, oil spills in from tankers and oil carries [1]. Oil pollution as a serious environmental disaster often leads to significant, long-term impact on the environment, ecology and socio-economic of the polluted area. Fortunately major oil spills are of public concern and usually under control of File Size: 4MB.

An Ethics Case Study in Environmental Engineering Abstract The Ap Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion was an engineering and environmental tragedy that led to the loss of 11 human lives and has had far-reaching environmental and economic impacts, the full extent of which is difficult if not impossible to calculate.

In theFile Size: KB. 3) a) Explain why it is difficult to predict the effects of oil spills on ecosystems: b) Explain why the size of the oil spill is not necessarily linked to the magnitude of the ecological effect: a) It is difficult because every ecosystem is unique and oil will effect each one differently.

Accidental Release of Toxic Chemicals and Oil Spills (21 and 22) These two similar problems are both rated medium., Oil spills are freguent and can have spectacular conseguences if the discharge is of sufficient magnitude, but typically spills are small and occur in areas where there is sufficient dilution to result in only a short-term impact.

Explain why the size of the oil spill is not necessarily linked to the magnitude of the ecological effect. The size is not as impactful as how concentrated the spill is, the area it. The sources of marine oil spills are mainly from accidents of marine oil tankers or freighters, marine oil-drilling platforms, marine oil pipelines, marine oilfields, terrestrial pollution, oil-bearing atmosphere, and offshore oil production equipment.

It is concluded upon analysis that there are two main reasons for marine oil spills: (I) The motive for huge economic benefits of oil industry Cited by: er, due to the irregular nature of oil spills and the typical variability in oil spill impacts it is di ffi cult to arrive at any straightforward conclusions re-lated to the eff ects of oil spills and thus the risk posed by oil spills (NRC ).

Ecological, or environmental, risk assessment (ERA) aims Cited by: 9.The Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America; Become a Member; ; ESA Member Login.